What happens if a delinquent party to a dispute refuses to submit to the jurisdiction of the CCJ?

By signing on to the Agreement Establishing the CCJ, all Member States of the Community have submitted to the jurisdiction of the CCJ in the exercise of its original jurisdiction which is compulsory and exclusive. The European Court of Justice does not enjoy exclusive jurisdiction but when a court of last resort is hearing a case in which there is an issue concerning the interpretation or application of the Treaty of Rome, the court must refer the issue to the European Court of Justice for determination.

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